Technology and agriculture

Technology is needed now more than ever to deal with the Covid-19 fallout for the food system, which is still playing out and threatening vulnerable populations around the world.

Modern agriculture is driven by continuous improvements in digital tools and data as well as collaborations among farmers and researchers across the public and private sectors.

During the Green Revolution in the 1960s, India could achieve self-sufficiency in food grain production by using modern methods of agriculture like better quality of seeds, proper irrigation, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides.

As time passed, more technological advances appeared in agriculture. The tractor was introduced, followed by new tillage and harvesting equipment, irrigation, and air seeding technology, all leading to higher yields and improved quality of the food and fiber that was grown.

It is possible for farmers to utilize scientific data and technology to improve crop yields and keep themselves up-to-date with cutting-edge methods of farming.

Here are some examples of how modern technology can be used to improve agriculture

Monitoring and controlling crop irrigation systems via smartphone

Ultrasounds for livestock

Usage of mobile technology and cameras

Crop Sensors

Online agricultural marketplaces

Drone technology and precision farming

Seed technology and agricultural biotechnology

Crop genomics

Importance of agricultural technology

Higher crop productivity

Decreased  use of water, fertilizer, and pesticides, which in turn keeps food prices down

Reduced impact on natural ecosystems

Less runoff of chemicals into rivers and groundwater

Increased worker safety

Greater efficiencies and lower prices

Safer growing conditions and safer foods

Reduced environmental and ecological impact

How to get started

Nearly everyone working on the future of modern agriculture is focused on efficiency. A wide range of technologies will enable the transition of modern agriculture in the field.

Some technologies will need to be developed specifically for agriculture, while other technologies already developed for other areas could be adapted to the modern agricultural domain such as autonomous vehicles, artificial intelligence, and machine vision.

If modern agriculture is applied widely in the near future, millions of farmers will be able to benefit from the acquisition of real-time farm information.

Farmers need not spend a significant amount of time on acquiring farm data and will have access to disaster warnings and weather information when a disaster event occurs.

It is difficult to predict the future of technology in agriculture but there are many promising trends and pilot projects.

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