Hydroponic System is a system of growing crops without soil, often called soilless farming. In the hydroponic system, the plant roots grow in a liquid nutrient solution or inside moist inert materials like Rockwool and Vermiculite. The liquid nutrient solution is a mixture of essential plant nutrients in the water.
The plant roots are suspended either in the static liquid solution or in a continuously flowing nutrient mixture. The hydroponic growing system requires continuous attention to the crops, unlike the traditional farming system.
New technologies are coming up every day in the world. As the world population is growing, the agriculture industry is also developing new techniques to grow food in lesser space and by saving water. The hydroponic growing system is a step towards this.
Higher productivity than the traditional farming system, the plant nutrients are effectively used, and there is no wastage.
The hydroponic system is a controlled climate system in which the crops can grow year-round.
Water is utilization very high when compared to the traditional farming method, up to 80-90 percent higher.
The crops are grown in a closed space, which eliminates the attack of pests and insects.
Why Grow Without Soil?
This seemingly subtle shift in how we make food (skipping the soil, that is) is actually revolutionary –– it allows growers to produce food anywhere in the world, at any time of the year, and to net higher yields with fewer resources.
Grow indoors Hydroponics are usually grown indoors, which comes with its own host of advantages, the main one being the ability to control several environmental factors with fine-tuned precision. With these highly optimised growing conditions set up and maintained, the plants have nothing to do but grow fast, strong, and healthy.
Nutrient solution and control In these systems, plants are fed with nutrient solutions mixed with water, which gives the hydroponic farmer total control over nutrient delivery and frequency of administration. Not only does this make the system more efficient in terms of resource use, but it also helps minimise plant energy being used on seeking nutrients as they are soaked up directly. The result is faster-growing, healthier plants.
Healthier plants Hydroponics eliminates the risk of soil-borne diseases. They also don’t face competition from weeds, since they cannot propagate if they were never introduced to the system in the first place.
Faster growth Plants grow 30-50% faster in hydroponic farms than in soil. Such process of growing plants without soil is due to the reduced environmental stress (they’re typically grown indoors), and optimized delivery of water and nutrients to the plant. With sufficient water and nutrients, the plant doesn’t have to worry so much about survival, so it can focus its energy on growing fast instead.
Saves space When planted in soil, roots need to travel far to find water, so plants need to be planted a certain distance apart from each other. This is not the case in hydroponic farming, meaning these soil-free systems take up much less space than their traditional counterparts.
Bigger yields Because plants can be planted more closely together than in soil-based farming systems, hydroponic farms tend to produce more yield per square foot than almost any other kind of farming. Additionally, growing indoors means all kinds of crops can be grown all year round. The limitations of weather are effectively removed, meaning hydroponic farms are literally lean, mean, production machines.
Water reservoir conservation lot of the water ends up being lost – it isn’t taken up by the root and drains into the groundwater (if the soil is nice and porous). Hydroponic systems use 10x less water because it is delivered in a controlled and highly efficient way.
Conclusion Hydroponics is beneficial, not just to the consumer who gets to eat pesticide-free, fresh produce, but also to the farmers who are not dependent on erratic weather, natural water levels, and soil contamination. It is the responsibility of the hydroponic farmer to manage and maintain optimal nutrient levels in the liquid solution, as well as the frequency of supplying the nutrients to plants. Hydroponic systems also conveniently side-step a lot of the issues outlined above faced by traditional farming.